Information in the motor vehicle safety system with the "e-Call" function
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A concept of the motor vehicle safety system (MVSS) with the e-Call automatic accident notification function has been discussed, with the issues of generation, transferring, and analysis of information in the system having been particularly taken into consideration. According to the concept presented, the MVSS includes set of sensors, digital camera (or a system of cameras), GPS-type vehicle positioning device, processor with read-only memory (ROM) and interface to connect the processor with a data processing system, manual accident notification switch, and sending-receiving unit of the GSM telephone system used for communication with a monitoring centre, where actions to help accident victims would be organized. An essential part of the MVSS is an autonomous measuring module, which includes sensors capable to detect the sinking, fire, or other dangerous situations with the vehicle, apart from the sensors used as standard equipment of the e-Call systems for recording the time histories of decelerations related to collisions. The information provided by the sensors of the measuring module may be supplemented with data obtained from other sensors installed elsewhere in the vehicle outside of the module. In the proposed general model of the structure of the data characterizing the accident, special synthetic indicator signals are to be used; the indicator signals would be generated on the grounds of the classified signals sent by the MVSS sensors. This would facilitate the quick making of a correct decision by the operator at the monitoring centre. A set of data generated by the MVSS has been also presented as an example.
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