Browsing Studia Arabistyczne i Islamistyczne / Arabic and Islamic Studies by Subject "Ġiyāṯ al-umam"
Now showing items 1-1 of 1
(Katedra Arabistyki i Islamistyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, 2007)By the eleventh century the community founded in the seventh century by the Prophet Muḥammad had split into several religious groups. The umma as a single, unified community, had become a political fiction. The Abbasid ...