Nowe stanowisko górnopaleolityczne w Masywie Góry Św. Anny - Wysoka 57
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Site Wysoka 57 was discovered by Jaroslaw Bronowicki during an archaeological survey of the construction of Freeway A4 in the Opole province, in the area of the St. Anna Mountain (Fig. 1). The rescue excavation of the site has been conducted by the Wrodaw Branch of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Archaeological artifacts were found scattered over an easy southeastern slope of a no-name hill. The summit of the hill crowned by limestone rocks is immediately above the site. The flint material obtained during the excavation, rather scarce in number, can be dated to the Upper Paleolithic. Because the artifacts were scattered over a vast area without any distinct concentration, it is probable that the site extends beyond the construction place and the excavation covered only its marginal part. Altogether, 132 flint artifacts (Fig. 2-4) and one non-flint stone artifact (Fig. 5) have been recovered from the Wysoka 57 site. Set of tools complies with Upper Paleolithic standards (Table 1 ), with burins (Fig. 3) prevailing. They are complemented by endscrapers (Fig. 2: 1, 4, 8, 10, 11 ), perforators (Fig. 2: 9), retouched blades (Fig. 2: 3, 5), combined tools (Fig. 3: 8, 10), and one saw-like retouched blade (Fig. 2: 7). A layer of white patina covers the artifacts. The cultural affiliation of the assemblage is unclear, but the presence of blades with "stepped" retouch of small overlapping negatives suggests the Orignac circle. The only macrolithic implement- the limestone point (Fig. 5), has no close analogies in Upper Paleolithic assemblages, possibly due to the unusual rock it is made of. In addition, three Neolithic artifacts have been found. The value of the site is augmented be two chronologically close sites registered in the vicinity, already published (Wysoka 4, Ligota Dolna 1).
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