Mediation is one of the most commonly used methods for solving armed confl icts due to
its fl exibility allowing parties to freely decide about their participation in the mediation,
the choice of a mediator, and accepting or rejecting the conditions of confl ict resolution
established during the mediation process.
Th e article looks at various approaches to mediation, leading to an indication of the nature
and attributes of this method of solving armed confl icts. It also analyses the motives of the
main actors of mediation - the parties’ of the confl ict and the mediator, which are taken
into consideration when they decide to start mediation.
Th e research allows a better understanding of the complexity of mediation in an armed
confl ict. It enables the motives of the confl icting parties and mediator which have an impact
on the mediation process and result to be identifi ed.