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dc.contributor.authorBolecki, Antoni
dc.description.abstractA hub-and-spoke conspiracy involves an exchange of confidential information primarily concerning future prices. The exchange takes place generally between competing distributors via a common supplier but a reverse relationship is also possible. The essence of hub-and-spoke lies in the fact that there is no direct contact between competitors – the party guaranteeing the information flow is normally the common supplier (distributor in a reverse scenario). A hub-and-spoke conspiracy was first identified and specifically described by the British Office of Fair Trade in 2003. There are currently several pending investigations concerning hub-and-spoke practices in a number of EU Member States including Germany, France, Italy and the UK. Three cases of that type have been so far assessed in the Polish antitrust practice: Polifarb Cieszyn Wrocław (2007), Tikurilla (2010) and Akzo Nobel (2010). The main objective of this article is the reconstruction of hub-and-spoke conduct in Poland. Commented will also be issues such as: the connection between hub-and-spoke practices and ‘classic’ retail price maintenance; standard of proof, and duration of the agreements.en
dc.publisherCenter for Antitrust and Regulatory Studiesen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polskapl_PL
dc.subjectduration of an agreementen
dc.subjectstandard of proofen
dc.subjecthorizontal effecten
dc.subjectvertical restraintsen
dc.subjectexchange of informationen
dc.subjectAtoBtoC coordinationen
dc.titlePolish Antitrust Experience with Hub-and-Spoke Conspiraciesen
dc.contributor.organizationWardyński & Partnersen
dc.description.epersonMichał Mijal

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Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska