A 157-stop organ in the Basilica of Our Lady of Licheń
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At the beginning of the 21st century, in the years 2002-2007, in the small village of Lichen Stary, located in the geographical center of Poland (Europe), in the largest Catholic temple of the country, Polish company „Zaklady Organowe Zych” according to the concept of prof. Andrzej Chorosinski build a monumental symphonic instrumentarium with 157 stops managed by a six-manual console. It was suppose to be the largest organ in Poland and one of the finest in the world. This article describes in detail the organ of the Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen in Poland. Lichen Stary is a small village with a community of around 1,500. After the World War II Marian Priests developed there the cult to Holy Mary, Mother of God, thanks to the small oil painting from XVIII century. The permanently increasing amount of pilgrims visiting the village could not fit in the small local church containing the picture. Marian Priests decided to build great Basilica to worship Mary and fit all pilgrims there. The idea of building the great Basilica have been materialized between 1992-2002: the capacity of the Basilica is 300,700 m3; the usable area is 23,000 m2, the length of the nave is approx. 139 m, the width of the transept with uneven shoulder lengths is approx. 144 m. After this step there was a need to equip the interior with liturgical elements, including pipe organ.
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