Ścieżki myślenia Alberta Wielkiego i Tomasza z Akwinu
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In this book I present the paths of thinking of two medieval theologists and philosophers: Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas to show not only what they thought but also how they constructed their reasonings. To achieve this scope I analyse conditions which could in some way form their reasonings (the first part), their models of reasoning, eg. deduction, induction – by showing how they understood and used them (the second part) and their concepts of scientific method (the third part). This shows the procedures of gaining the real knowledge called science (scientia) 1) which both thinkers tended to apply and 2) which they really followed. My analyses confirm the initial hypothesis: that these thinkers were – as far as it is possible – independent in their reasonings from many factors and conditions, sometimes even logical, to be able to accept metaphysical conditions. It means that they tried to match the methods to the subject which they wanted to cognize. Finally I sum up the main similarities and differences in thoughts of Albert and Thomas which occured in these analyses and I point out some topics which should be studied. My research was based on commentaries of Thomas and Albert to Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics and other works, on their summas, on Thomas’s commentary to Boethius’s De Trinitate and on many other texts of both authors.
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