Social deprivation substantially changes multi-structural neurotransmitter signature of social interaction: Glutamate concentration in amygdala and VTA as a key factor in social encounter-induced 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalization
Kursa, Miron Bartosz
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Ultrasonic vocalizations are important for coordinating social behavior in rats. Examination of the neurochemical mechanisms that govern social behavior and ultrasonic vocalization emission is crucial for understanding the social impairments that occur in many neuropsychiatric disorders. To elucidate neurochemical changes in the brain structures related to social behavior and their mutual relationships, we conducted three-phase experiment. Neurochemicals were measured in the following behavioral situations: without social encounter, with short social encounter, with long social encounter in isolated and non-isolated rats. The aims of this study were to: (1) extract the most important neurotransmitters and their metabolites that are involved in social encounter-induced emission of 50 kHz calls; (2) to elucidate mutual relationships among the neurochemical changes in the selected, six brain structures, and analyze compound relationships by step analysis; (3) create a model of all-to-all neurotransmitter correlations; (4) find the neurochemical basis of 50-kHz USVs emission during social encounter. Our behavioral and neurochemical analysis indicated that social encounter was a triggering factor of the glutamatergic neurotransmission in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), hippocampus, and amygdala; serotonergic neurotransmission in the NAcc, CPu, and amygdala; the dopaminergic neurotransmission in the caudate putamen (CPu) and hippocampus; GABAergic neurotransmission in the hippocampus and VTA. Social encounter-induced 50-kHz USVs were bound up with changes in glutamate in amygdala and VTA, glycine in the amygdala, VTA, hippocampus, nucleus accumbens and CPu, and dopamine metabolites in VTA and CPu.