Nowa polityka w transporcie kolejowym w Rumunii na progu XXI w.
Romanian Railways have a history for more than 125 years. During all this period, the railway was a major factor in technical and sometimes even economic progress of the society. It also has been the factor of stability that could not have been influenced by political events. On August 20th, 1854, the railway Oravita-Bazias, in length of 62,5 km, was inaugurated only for the coal transport. It was the first railway built on today Romanian territory. The first railway Buzau - Marasesti built by Romanian engineers. Next connections between Bucuresti-Ploiesti-Buzau-Galati-Barbosi-Tecuci-Marasesti-Roman-Suceava railway are opened on September 13th, 1872. The lack of the connection between Buzau and Marasesti was realised for the first time during the military transport during the Independence War (1877-1878), especially because a part of the railway in Barbosi-Braila area could have been blocked any time by the Turkish army on the Danube. Buzau-Marasesti railway was the first railway in Romania, designed and built by the Romanian intelligence. In 1913, the professor I.S.Gheorghiu designed the first project of electrification for Sinaia-Pietrosita track and a project for the extension of electrification on Sinaia-Preadeal transom. The General CFR Direction sustained thatthe electrification for Bucharest-Brasov track, as a principal method of enhancement of the transport capacity represented the main priority. National Railway Company "CFR" SA is concerned constantly of rehabilitation (this implies major repairs and modernisation of the requirements of interoperability with the neighbouring countries so that not being excluded from the international transport) of the railway transoms included in the European transport routes. In order to satisfy, in optimal way, the public and social interest through different services and products and for its integration in European transport system, it is necessary the organisation, implementation and maintenance of a quality endurance system, depending on national and international reglamentations. To achieve and maintain the proposed quality at an optimal cost represents a necessity for CFR; to achieve this aspect of quality implies an efficient utilisation of technological, human and material available resources of the company. Thus, a main objective represents to achieve the quality, aspect underlined also in ISO international standards in 9000 Series. The confidence in the company's capacity represents for the client the guarantee that he will be provided the expected quality. To make CFR's provided services become more efficient imply a strong connection between three system's factors: the responsibility of company's management, material and human resources, the structure of quality service and the communications with clients. These main marks imply some quality and related activity objectives like: - systematic definition of client necessities; - preventive controls to avoid the client dissatisfaction regarding performance, security and confidence of service; - quality optimisation regarding the costs for the level and performances of required service; - continuous concern regarding the requirements and news related to the offered service in order to determine the modalities of quality improvement; - preventive of negative effects of the company on the society and environment.
- Artykuły / Articles 
Using this material is possible in accordance with the relevant provisions of fair use or other exceptions provided by law. Other use requires the consent of the holder.