Porty Gdańska i Gdyni - konkurencja czy współpraca?
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Sea ports, liberated from the central management system have recently been subject to structural transformations in accordance with worldwide trends. The key problems in spatial development of ports are related to the diversification of their business activity. Ports are undergoing gradual conversion from typical transport junctions, land - sea nodes focusing on cargo handling and storage, into economic bodies spatially and functionally embracing varied business directly or indirectly linked with the logistic delivery chain, sustaining the sea- land transport chains. Introduction of market economy, considerable degree of port independence, various privatisation procedures and individual concepts and development strategies of the ports in Gdynia and Gdansk have resulted in visible symptoms of keen competition between them. An element of competition between distanced ports is logical if the cargo 'hesitates' which port to chose. In case of Gdansk and Gdynia there should be no hesitation as there is an only one cargo stream not two separate Gdansk and Gdynia stream. There is no need for developing an alternative route through competitive investments. Market research, investments, specification of business areas should be done jointly, communicated and accepted by Voievedship self-governmental authorities. The concept of integrating the ports of Gdynia and Gdansk has been evolving for some time now. There are many signs indicating the purposefulness of such a step. The strategies of the two ports assume alternative development options depending on what happens 'next door'. Developing a mechanism which would lead to a common investment policy and unified development strategy is a superior objective. One of the constructive concepts foresees a capital merge. Another concept, based on Dutch experience, proposes establishment of state treasury company „Porty Gdansk- Gdynia", with the state treasury, municipalities of Gdańsk and Gdynia, the airport and SKM (fast municipal trains) being the shareholders. A public company so structured would be the main player of the Pomeranian Voievodship in developing a transport junction, economic zones, a cluster with its investment policy transparent to the regions society.
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