Baltic Euro-Region: A stimulator of intercultural co-operation
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1. In the past, p e r i o d s of cultural integration of the southern Baltic prevailed. 2. Common intellectual genesis of settlement structure developed from Denmark, Skania, Blekinge, through Mecklenburg, Pomerania, Prussia and Inflanty1 contributed to the similarity in p r o g r a m m e and spatial development shaping a common features of the cultural environment in the region. w 3. The network of H a n s e a t i c towns apart f r om the economic and social aspect f u n c t i o n e d also as a vehicle for transmitting civilisation and cultural patterns and innovations. 4. Though certain s t r o n g trends in the 19th and 20th centuries brought about a split in p r a c t i c a l l y the whole historical and cultural region on the Baltic coast, the awareness of a common cultural heritage has still existed since the Middle Ages expressed by manyj o i n t initiatives of cultural co-operation. 5. The establishment of the Baltic Euro-region results from progressing international, regional, municipal, and frontier co-operation started at the beginning of the nineties. Following the year 1990 the process of restitution historical ties and establishing new economic and cultural relations. Research work is being embarked on the structure and operation of the area in the southern Baltic. 6. This co-operation is to be governed by the principles and values confirmed in the p r o g r am V A S A B 2 0 1 0 (Vision and Strategies around the Baltic Sea 2 0 1 0 ) in order to, among others: promote sustainable economic and cultural development, decrease spatial disharmony, discrepancies between regions (economic, social, environmental and cultural) - equal use of space, interregional solidarity; enable regional participation in the development of the whole region, in undertaking decisions on the national level based on the individual features of their identity - variety, democracy, subsidiary.
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