Analiza genezy mitu zła w kulturze chińskiej
Konior SJ, ks. Jan
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Author concentrate on three aspects - ritual symbolism in Chinese tradition, the image of the first man in Chinese mythology and phenomenon of evil in Chinese culture. This text becomes theory not about mythological system of the ancient history of China, but it makes an attempt to discover a matter fact of Chinese myths. Author signals in his dispute example of mythological system of China, but only for one reason. He wants to show - how myths has including as idea of the universe and how myths were interpreted by metaphors. The mythological system was used as classification, and also for understanding way in dynamic progress. In our day, it seems - author confirm, that in the age of myths didn't exist division between Man and Gods. Gods existed more as an imagination of the forces of nature, than human figures. People who give us the essence of the myth, they didn't believed in myths and also they tried made them reasonable for the rest. In the meantime philosophers like agnostics have made such speculation, that Chinese myths contain with reunion past of China. Author join agnostics, but the more important aspect for him is understanding Chinese culture as being conscious of one's own being. The Main essential issue in this text treat, that it is not possible put all history from Roman or Latin cultures with their own drama of heroes to Chinese mythology. Chinaman doesn't know, that life is a tragedy, the low is a justice and sin as incidental haughtiness. Instead for sure they know about heaven mandate - Tian ming - only in the meaning way called predestination. Ritual symbolism had influenced Chinese tradition. Myths symbolism from the beginning shows how myths talk to the man and for the man. Levi Strauss gives interesting solution - he provides, that most people thinks are illogical, but this is positive argument and reason why we could knowing better culture - but only through analogy. The second part of the essay shows understanding concept of the evil. Konior thinks that this kind of idea should be going to tradition direct. The processing of mould conception the devil manifested in way full of destruction power, which is located inside us and behind us. The Evil structures are common for every man in the individual level and society. The Process of the modification depends on individual experience and society experience, it shows in different kind of symbols and signs. The last conclusion confirmed - civilization of China categorized as social civilization.
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