Filozofia muzyki Arystoksenosa
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Aristoxenus, a great philosopher and a musicologist, followed Aristotle, his teacher, in the theory of science. He attempted to determine the nature of melody and the essence of the existence of harmony. His treatise Harmonika demonstrates that in comparison with music no other object of perception displays so great and so fine an order. A combination of perception and reason is required for full understanding of melody. However, for the music student accuracy of perception stands first in order of importance. What we call harmonics can be divided into seven parts: genera, intervals, notes, systemata, tonoi, modulations and melodic compositions. Aristoxenus drew inspiration from several Aristotelian sources in his interpretation of the science of music, especially from Metaphysics. He also made use of Aristotelian discussions of the four types of cause: essential, formal, efficient and final. The first two are important to answer the following questions: ,,what does melody consist of” and ,,how is it arranged”? In the context of harmonic science matter is necessary so that an object could exist, but it is insufficient to form its own existence. The essence of melody cannot be construed merely as an incomprehensible cluster of sounds. It should be remarkable orderliness between the structure and the matter of melody. Fur-thermore, the final aim is Good identified with the first Substance, the greatest Mind and the Absolute. In this sense music becomes contemplation of the greater Good and Beauty.
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