Muzyczna interpretacja poezji w liryce wokalnej Karola Szymanowskiego
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For his whole life Karol Szymanowski wrote in total 120 songs of different genres, for voice and piano as well as for voice and orchestra, both songs within cycles that constitute musical and dramatic entities and single pieces of music. In his work there can be discerned three distinctive periods. The article presents them in view of two scholars, Zofia Helman and Mieczysław Tomaszewski. The former employs the criterion of artistic maturity, describing the three creative periods in Szymanowski’s work as, consecutively, use of existing stylistic norms, creation of own original harmonic-tonal language and turn to objectivity of expression. The latter puts emphasis on the composer’s fascinations and sources of artistic inspiration, analysing the three periods as initial „modernist” (fascination with the West and North of Europe), middle „Mediterranean” (fascination with Orient and the South of Europe) and final „Polish/national” characterized by fascination with Szymanowski’s native folklore, especially from the Kurpie and Podhale regions.
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