Comparative insight into development of the civic society in the Visegrad region
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“Modern society was formed in the age of great revolutions which, on one hand gave a birth to a relatively autonomous individual, and on the other hand to whole integral structure of modern social system (Keller 2004). The term of civic society itself may not be analysed via comparison of antinomies or different understandings in the framework of ideological spectrum. Its understanding in the background of its historical and philosophical development is essential because of the complexity of the existing societies. A rediscovery of the term of civic society was helped especially by societal and political conditions arisen from the development of the society in the middle of 20th century. Totalitarian regime cancelled a separation of society from a state, it subjugated civic society to the state and excluded validity of many rights and freedoms existing before the state and originally independent on it. Additionally an absence of the existence of civic society was experienced especially in the societies strongly centralised and in which the only political-economical-ideological hierarchy did not tolerate any competitor, and the only conception defined not only the truth but the individual morality as well. In such situation there arose a need of a new ideal which would be re-established in an idea of civic society, in the ideas of institutional and ideological plurality preventing from an establishment of power and truth monopoly and balancing the working of state institutions willing to gain monopolistic position. What is hidden under the term civic society?
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