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Origins and reasons of the Gulf conflict of 1990/1991
(Katedra Arabistyki i Islamistyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, 1996)
The Gulf conflict of 1990/1991 was not an incidental event, but the climax in a long chain of events. The deeper causes have their historical, ideological, political, economic and psychological roots. In general, the causes ...
The Insurrection of 1920 in Iraq. Causes and consequences
(Katedra Arabistyki i Islamistyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, 2003)
World War I had a great significance for Middle Eastern history because-by ending four centuries of Ottoman Turkish rule-it inaugurated a period of the region’s dependence upon colonial powers. The Iraqi provinces of the ...